Marie-Madeleine Belliveau

prepared 1999 by Charlene (Fraser) McKenzie updated Apr 1, 2004

Jean Fougère married a second time after Marie Bourg died. Around 1730, at St. Peters, he married Marie-Madeleine Belliveau who was born around 1712 at Port Royal. She was the daughter of Jean-Antoine Belliveau and Cécile Melanson.

Marie-Madeleine’s grandmother was André Guyon who was born about 1615, probably in France. She had been married twice. Her first husband was a man by the name of Bernard who was one of Acadia’s earliest settlers. They had two daughters, Marie and Jeanne Bernard. (Marie Bernard, born around 1645 married René lejeune Landry, the great-great-grandmother of both Scholastique and Marguerite Landry, and also of their cousin, Pierre Landry , husband of Anne Clergé. )

Bernard died before 1651, when Andrée married again to 30 year old Antoine Belliveau. It is not know from which part of France Antoine came. The names Belliveau and Guyon were common in the parish registers of LaChaussée in Poiteau. Andrée and Antoine had two children, Jean and Madeleine. In the 1671 census Antoine Belliveau was listed as a labourer with 11 cattle, and 8 sheep.

Our ancestor, Jean Beliveau, son of Antoine Belliveau and Andrée Guyon, was born around 1652. He was a labourer and carpenter. Jean married his first wife, around 1673, Jeanne Bourg and had four children before she died around 1700. One of these children was a son named Jean Beliveau who died of a wound inflicted by the English in 1707. It was the second attack by Colonal March against Port Royal. Some French privateers, under the command of Pierre Morphan, feeling sorry for Jean Belliveau’s widow, made her the gift of a boat they capturet off New England. Her husband had been killed and her house burned. She had four children. Their son settled in the area now known as Carelton Cornors, near Bridgewater.

In 1695, Jean Belliveau took the oath of allegience to King William and Queen Mary of England, making his mark on the document.

In 1701, Jean Belliveau sold a lot of land in Chignectou (Amherst) to Jean Pothier.

In 1705, three pieces of Belliveau land were expropriated for the extension of the fort at Port Royal.

In 1703 Jean Belliveau married Cécile Melanson, the 30 year old widow of the pilot, Abraham Boudrot., who had six children. Later he and Cécile had three Belliveau children. The youngest of these children was Marie-Madeleine, born around 1711 at Port Royal. Since her baptism record is absent from the registers, it is the opinion of the Acadian genealogist, Stephen White that she was born during the time in which the parish priest, Fr. Durand, was in captivity in Boston.

Around 1721, Jean Belliveau and Cécile Melanson moved to St. Peters in Cape Breton. Several of her Boudrot children made the move also. The older Belliveau children of his first marriage remained in Port Royal. The three children of his marriage to Cécile moved to Cape Breton also.

By 1728, the Belliveau family moved again to PEI. Jean died there at an advanced age. Cécile was recorded in the 1735 census taken at Tracadie, ile St-Jean (PEI) as the widow Belliveau living with her son, Louis. Some of Cécile's Boudrot children and two of her Belliveau children settled in PEI.

When Marie-Madeleine Belliveau was only 16 or 17 years old she married the widower, Jean Fougère at St. Peters. Jean had several young children which Marie-Madeleine raised. Our ancestor Charles Fougère, son of the first marriage lost his mother as an infant, so Marie-Madeleine would have been the only mother he knew. Jean and Marie-Madeleine had at least 10 children of which 3 died young. Jean died sometime after 1745, leaving Marie-Madeleine with a large family to raise. She took a second husband, her cousin, Claude Dugas around 1750. He was the son of Joseph Dugas and Marguerite Coste. In 1756, Claude's sister Madeleine Dugas married Marie-Madeleine's step son, Charles Fougère. The Acadians freguently married relatives since in such a small population, they were related to everyone. Often siblings married into different generations of the same family. The census of 1752 by Sieur de LaRoque shows Marie-Madeleine and her second husband, Claude Dugas living in St. Peters with several of their relatives nearby. The children of the first marriage of Jean Fougère had grown up and married except for Charles. Joseph Fougère had married Marguerite Coste and was living in a house sold to him by his step-father, Claude Dugas.

Claude Dugas, second husband of Marie-Madeleine Belliveau was recorded in 1752 as a Coaster. Goods shipped from LaRochelle, France arrived at Louisbourg and were then distributed throughout the colony by coastal traiders. St. Peters was the centre of this activity. Claude was listed as being 26 years old at the time and Marie-Madeleine was 34. The ages recorded in this census were frequently wrong. They had 4 sons and 2 daughters. Only one of these was a Dugas child. The rest were Fougère children from her first marriage. Our ancestor, Jean, was only 10 years old at this time. deLaRoque also recorded of the family "In live stock they have 2 oxen, 2 cows, one mare, one goose, one pig, and 5 fowl. They have cleared a garden and the remainder of the homestead is in meadow land from which they draw 20 to 30 quintals of hay. The land they occupy was sold to them by the late Robert Henry. The extent of the said land was not specified in the deed of sale."

Just 6 years later their community was uprooted with the fall of Louisbourg. All evidence indicates that neither Marie-Madeleine Belliveau nor any member of her family was expelled from Cape Breton. They must have gone into hiding until it was safe to emerge. Marie-Madeleine was still living in 1771 when a missionary priest, Fr. Charles-François Bailly de Messein visited Ile Madame. Catholics had been without priests for many years. Marriages and baptisms preformed without benefit of clergy were revalidated by Fr. Bailly. The entire population of Petit de Grat consisted of Marie-Madeleine Belliveau's step children and their offspring, her children, grandchildren and great-grandchildren.

Descendants of Marie Madeleine Belliveau and her second husband, Claude Dugas:

  1. Joseph Dugas, born 1751 in Port Toulouse, married Anne Thériot, son of René Thériot and Anne LeBlanc.
  2. Théotiste Dugas married in 1775 Louis Marchand , born in Port Toulouse in 1751. He was the son of Jean Marchand and Genéviève Pouget. He lived above Arichat (at Le Baie de Rochers) near his brother, Eustache Marchand who married Charlotte Boudrot, daughter of Joseph Boudrot and Judith Fougere. Judith was the daughter of Jean Fougère and Marie Madeleine Belliveau. Louis died there between 1793 and 1802. Théotiste was listed in the census of 1811 near her only son, Joseph Marchand.
  3. Jeanne Dugas

Sources:

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